Article Types Accepted
- Original work (Clinical Investigation, Basic Science)
- Review article
- Current Opinion/Arguments
- Ethical Matters
- Take a closer look at trials
- Take Notice: Technology
- A Day in the Life of a Neurocritical Care Trainee
- Practical Pearl
- Letters to the editor
General requirements for submissions
- Title: No subtitles
- Authors: (see requirements below). Describe each author’s role in the
- Original work: 7
- Review article, Current Opinion/Arguments, Letter to the editor: 4
- 3. Take Notice: Technology and Neuro-Images: 3
- 4. Practical Pearl: 3
- 5. A Day in the Life of a Neurocritical Care Trainee: 2, one must be a trainee
- Funding: describe funding for project
- Key Words: 3-5 for indexing
- Abstract: Only for Original work and Review articles, 300 words maximum
- Sections for original articles must include Introduction, Methods, Results, and
- References: No more than 40 except review articles 120, see below for other types
- Maximum words (excluding tables and references): abstract 300, text 4,000,
except review articles 5,000, see below for other types of submissions.
- Conflict of Interest (COI) statement (see description below): from each
contributing author placed at the end of the manuscript, just before the
- Figure and tables: Provide titles, and spell out all abbreviations, number consecutively
with Arabic numerals, see below for other types of submissions. Use a separate page
for each; callouts (if any)should be capital letters.
- Include figure captions in a separate section at the end of the manuscript; define
- All illustrations must be provided in professional-quality, finished form, ready for
direct reproduction without revision.
- Micrograph magnification should be given with scale bars defined in microns, not as
- Table: use a separate page for each, numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals
in order of mention in the text. Please provide titles.
- References should follow that of The New England Journal of Medicine. An
EndNote template can be found
- Statement of human and animal rights (see below)
Special Requirements for Submission Types
What I learned today a Neurocritical Care Trainee
- Focus on clinical decision making in challenging cases which requires
complex decision making (unusual diseases or atypical presentations of
- Suggested subheadings: Introduction, Case, Management, Discussion and
- Maximum of 1500 words, excluding references.
- Maximum of 10 references
Take Notice: Technology
- Focus on a new device or new application of an old device
- Maximum of 2 authors
- Articles should not exceed 2,000 words
- Abstract should not exceed 250 words
- No Abstract
- Maximum 300 words
- Include an Introduction and a description of the case
- Figure legends/descriptions may be up to 250 words each
- Images should be at least 300 dpi
- Maximum of 3 references
- Word limit of 1,500 words
- Maximum of 7 authors
- Maximum of 20 references
- No Abstract
- Maximum 1,500 words
- Include a description of the case, lesson learned, why it is a “practical pearl”,
and how you apply it in your practice.
- Figures are encouraged
Letter to the editor
- Title and a Corresponding Author
- Limit of 400 words
- Maximum of 5 references (the first reference must be the publication in
question if letter relates to a publication)
Specifications for Computer Graphics and Color Art
Computer Graphics: If your submission includes Computer Graphics, acceptable software
formats are: Adobe Illustrator versions 5 and up; Adobe Photoshop versions 5 and up,
and MS Office. File formats are as follows: EPS (Encapsulated Postscript), TIFF, and those
native software formats listed above. dpi specifications: line art should be no less than
1200 dpi; halftone scans should be 300 dpi.
Preferred file formats, graphics: Vector graphics, preferred is EPS. For Line Art (Black &
white with no shading) and Halftone art (Photographs, drawings, or paintings with
shading), TIFF format is preferred.
Preferred file formats, media: avi, wmv, mp4, mov, m2p, mp2, mpg, mpeg, flv, mxf, mts,
m4v, 3gp . Resolution; 16:9 or 4:3. Maximum file size: 25 GB. Minimum video duraction:
Current Springer art guidelines are available
Color Art: If your submission includes Color Art, it cannot be printed unless the author is
willing to assume the additional costs involved in production. (Quotes subject to change.)
For color printed in the hard copy version there is a flat $1,150 fee. Color figures will be
published online at no cost.
All color art must adhere to the guidelines under Computer Graphics. Color art must
be prepared in RGB color mode.
- References should follow that of The New England Journal of Medicine. An
EndNote template can be found
- Arabic numbers should be used for in-text citations(set within parentheses at point
- List references in numerical order in text in the reference section.
- Abbreviations for titles of medical periodicals should conform to those used in the
latest edition of Index Medicus and on MEDLINE.
- List all authors when there are six or fewer; when there are seven or more, list the
first three, then “et al.”
- References should follow that of The New England Journal of Medicine and examples
are given below:
- Jones R, Sealy T. Isolated FSH deficiency revisited. N Engl J Med 1979; 300:
- Zirkin J, Weinbauer EA, Lee A. The use of aspirin in ischemic heart disease. J
Am Coll Cardiol 1996; 81: 243–256.
- Knepper MA, Rector FC Jr. Urine concentration and dilution. In: Brenner BM, ed.
Brenner & Rector’s The Kidney: Diagnosis and Treatment, 5th ed., vol. 1.
Philadelphia: Saunders, 1996:532–570.
Disclosure of Potential Conflict of Interest (COI)
Authors must disclose all relationships or interests that could influence or bias the work
using the ICMJE form found
here. Although an author may not feel there are conflicts,
disclosure of relationships and interests affords a more transparent process, leading to
an accurate and objective assessment of the work. Awareness of real or perceived
conflicts of interests is a perspective to which the readers are entitled and is not meant
to imply that a financial relationship with an organization that sponsored the research or
compensation for consultancy work is inappropriate. Examples of potential conflicts of
interests that are directly or indirectly related to the research may include but are not
limited to the following:
- Research grants from funding agencies (please give the research funder and the
- Honoraria for speaking at symposia
- Financial support for attending symposia
- Financial support for educational programs
- Employment or consultation
- Support from a project sponsor
- Position on advisory board or board of directors or other type of management
- Multiple affiliations
- Financial relationships, for example equity ownership or investment interest
- Intellectual property rights (e.g. patents, copyrights and royalties from such rights)
- Holdings of spouse and/or children that may have financial interest in the work
In addition, interests that go beyond financial interests and compensation (non-financial
interests) that may be important to readers should be disclosed. These may include but
are not limited to personal relationships or competing interests directly or indirectly tied
to this research, or professional interests or personal beliefs that may influence your
The corresponding author collects the conflict of interest disclosure forms from all
authors. In author collaborations where formal agreements for representation allow it, it
is sufficient for the corresponding author to sign the disclosure form on behalf of all
authors. Examples of a completed form may be found here at the ICMJE site (pdf will
download upon clicking this link)
The corresponding author will include a summary
statement in the text of the manuscript in a separate section before the reference list,
that reflects what is recorded in the potential conflict of interest disclosure form(s).
Examples of disclosures:
- Funding: This study was funded by X (grant number X).
- Conflict of Interest: Author A has received research grants from Company A. Author B
has received a speaker honorarium from Company X and owns stock in Company Y.
Author C is a member of committee Z.
- If no conflict exists, the authors should state: The authors declare that they have no
conflict of interest.
NOTE: Always keep copies of your word-processing, graphics and COI files. You may
want to revise the manuscript text, figures or forms after the review process and you
will need the original files if your manuscript requires revisions.
NOTE: In case you encounter any difficulties while submitting your manuscript online,
please get in touch with an Editorial Assistant by clicking on “CONTACT US” from the
Criteria for Authorship
The criteria for authorship adopted by Neurocritical Care are set by the International
Committee of Medical Journal Editors (
http://www.icmje.org/). A discussion of role of
authors and criteria for authorship can be found
Authorship credit should be based only on 1) substantial contributions to conception
and design, or acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data; 2) drafting the
article or revising it critically for important intellectual content; and 3) final approval of
the version to be published. Conditions 1, 2, and 3 must all be met.
Acquisition of funding, the collection of data, feedback on the manuscript, or general
supervision of the research group, by themselves, do not justify authorship.
Neurocritical Care does not publish statements of equal authorship. Author
and Study Groups may be noted under a collective name.
Ethical Responsibilities of Authors
This journal is committed to upholding the integrity of the scientific record. As a member
of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) the journal will follow the COPE guidelines
on how to deal with potential acts of misconduct.
Authors should refrain from misrepresenting research results that could damage the
trust in the journal and ultimately the entire scientific endeavor. Maintaining integrity
of the research and its presentation can be achieved by following the rules of good
scientific practice, which includes:
- The manuscript has not been submitted to more than one journal for
- The manuscript has not been published previously (partly or in full), unless the
new work concerns an expansion of previous work (please provide transparency
on the re-use of material to avoid the hint of text-recycling (“self- plagiarism”)).
- A single study is not split up into several parts to increase the quantity of
submissions and submitted to various journals or to one journal over time
- No data have been fabricated or manipulated (including images) to support
- No data, text, or theories by others are presented as if they were the authors
own (“plagiarism”). Proper acknowledgements to other works must be given
(this includes material that is closely copied (near verbatim), summarized
and/or paraphrased), quotation marks are used for verbatim copying of
material, and permissions are secured for material that is copyrighted.
- Important note: the journal may use software to screen for plagiarism.
- Consent to submit has been received from all co-authors and responsible
authorities at the institute/organization where the work has been carried out
before the work is submitted.
- Authors whose names appear on the submission have contributed sufficiently to
the scientific work and therefore share collective responsibility and accountability
for the results.
- Changes of authorship or in the order of authors are not accepted after
acceptance of a manuscript.
- Requests to add or delete authors at revision stage or after publication is a serious
matter, and may be considered only after receipt of written approval from all
authors and detailed explanation about the role/deletion of the new/deleted
author. The decision on accepting the change rests with the Editor-in-Chief of the
- Upon request authors should be prepared to send relevant documentation or data
in order to verify the validity of the results. This could be in the form of raw data,
- If there is a suspicion of misconduct,the journal will carry out an investigation
following the COPE guidelines. If, after investigation,the allegation seems to raise valid concerns, the accused author will be contacted and given an
opportunity to address the issue. If misconduct has been proven, this may
result in the Editor-in-Chief’s implementation of the following measures,
including, but not limited to:
- If the article is still under consideration, it may be rejected and
returned to the author.
- If the article has already been published online, depending on the
nature and severity of the infraction, either an erratum will be placed
with the article or in severe cases complete retraction of the article
will occur. The reason must be given in the published erratum or
retraction note. The author’s institution may be informed.
Statement of Human and Animal Rights
When reporting studies that involve human participants, authors should include a
statement that the studies have been approved by the appropriate institutional and/or
national research ethics committee and have been performed in accordance with the
ethical standards as laid down in the 1964 Declaration of Helsinki and its later
amendments or comparable ethical standards.
If doubt exists whether the research was conducted in accordance with the 1964 Helsinki
Declaration or comparable standards,the authors must explain the reasons for their
approach, and demonstrate that the independent ethics committee or institutional
review board explicitly approved the doubtful aspects of the study.
The following statements should be included in the text before the References section:
Ethical approval: “All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were
in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research
committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or
comparable ethical standards.”
The welfare of animals used for research must be respected. When reporting
experiments on animals, authors should indicate whether the institutional and/or
national guidelines for the care and use of animals were followed.
For studies with animals, the following statement should be included: “All applicable
institutional and/or national guidelines for the care and use of animals were followed.”
If articles do not contain studies with human participants or animals by any of the authors,
Springer recommends including the following sentence: “This article does not contain any
studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.”
For retrospective studies, please add the following sentence: “For this type of study
formal consent is not required.”
All individuals have individual rights that are not to be infringed. Individual participants in
studies e.g. have the right to decide what happens to the (identifiable) personal data
gathered and to what they have said e.g. during a study or an interview as well as to any
photograph that was taken. Hence it is important that all participants gave their informed
consent in writing prior to inclusion in the study. Identifying details (names, dates of birth,
identity numbers and other information) of the participants that were studied should not
be published in written descriptions, photographs, and genetic profiles unless the
information is essential for scientific purposes and the participant (or parent or guardian if
the participant is incapable) has given written informed consent for publication. Complete
anonymity is difficult to achieve in some cases, and informed consent should be obtained if
there is any doubt. For example, masking the eye region in photographs of participants is
inadequate protection of anonymity. If identifying characteristics are altered to protect
anonymity,such as in genetic profiles, authors should provide assurance that alterations
do not distort scientific meaning.
The following statement should be included: Informed consent: “Informed consent was
obtained from all individual participants included in the study.”
If identifying information about participants is available in the article, the
following statement should be included: “Additional informed consent was
obtained from all individual participants for whom identifying information is
included in this article.”
For authors using EndNote, Springer provides an output style that supports
the formatting of in-text citations and reference list
Authors preparing their manuscript in LaTeX can use the bibtex file spbasic.bst
which is included in Springer’s
LaTeX macro package (clicking this link downloads
Reprints are available to authors at standard rates. Authors will receive reprint order
forms with proofs of articles. Both paper and PDF reprints can be purchased. You will
receive a free electronic offprint in PDF format after online publication.
English Language Support
Manuscripts that are accepted for publication will be checked by our copy editors for
spelling and formal style. This may not be sufficient if English is not your native
language and substantial editing would be required. In that case, you may want to
have your manuscript edited by a native speaker prior to submission. A clear and
concise language will help editors and reviewers concentrate on the scientific content
of your paper and thus smooth the peer review process.
Editing services provide language editing for scientific articles in all areas
Springer publishes in. Use of an editing service is neither a requirement nor a
guarantee of acceptance for publication. Two available options are
SpringerNature Author Services and American Journal Experts.
Please contact an editing service directly to make arrangements for editing and payment.