Endoscopic Surgery Without Decompressive Craniectomy in Large Putaminal Intracerebral Hemorrhage: Assessment of Efficacy and Safety

  
NCJ_cover.jpgBy Yuanliang Ye, Qiujing Wang, Weiyang Ou, Jian He & Zhenhui Zhao

First Online: 16 December 2019

Background
Decompressive craniectomy (DC) is performed conventionally for large putaminal intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). However, DC causes local skull defect and leads to post-surgical cranioplasty. The aim of this study is to investigate the effectiveness and safety of an endoscopic procedure to treat large putaminal ICH without DC.

Methods
This retrospective study included 112 large putaminal ICH patients who underwent hematoma evacuations with either an endoscopic procedure (group A) or with DC (group B) between January 2009 and June 2017. The efficacy was evaluated by mean modified Rankin Scale (mRS) three months after surgery. Safety was evaluated by mortality rate and postoperative complications. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to determine the risk factors for clinical outcomes.

Results
The study included 49 patients in group A and 63 in group B. The mRS scores in both groups were similar after 3 months’ follow-up (p = 0.709). There was no difference in the mortality rate between the two groups (p = 0.538). The rate of complications was lower in group A than that in group B (p = 0.024). Smaller preoperative midline shift (p = 0.008) and absent intraventricular extension (p = 0.044) have contributed significantly to better outcomes.

Conclusion
Endoscopic hematoma evacuation without DC is safe and effective for patients with large putaminal ICH and deserves further investigation, preferably in a randomized controlled setting.

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